Pandemics diseases are diseases that spread globally. Infections that spread from the natural world like animals to humans are mostly the reason. Perhaps there is no enduring past relationship between humans and disease, particularly epidemics. Epidemics are a global outbreak. It happens when an infection caused by a bacterium or virus becomes widespread and rapid. From the initial times to the current, epidemics have disturbed human history in many ways: anthropologically, ethnically, politically, economically, and geographically. Humanity had never recognized time in the past when outbreaks did not become visible outsized. This hypothesis focuses on what an epidemic disease is and compares current and past epidemics diseases (Ingram, 2016).
Epidemics are significant and scattered. There is an epidemic in a wide geographical area. When people outside Wuhan tested positive for SARS COVID-2 (which is why the disease is known as COVID-19), epidemiologists or health professionals knew the epidemic was spreading. There is a strong possibility that efforts to overcome it will be insufficient or too late. This was not surprising since there is no cure or vaccine yet. But the widespread use of COVID-19 in China meant that the Wuhan epidemic had spread.
The global outbreak has failed and refers to the emerging situation as a pandemic. The global epidemic is known worldwide and out of control. In very standard logic, once an epidemic spreads to different countries or regions of the world, it is called an epidemic. However, many epidemiologists classify the disease as an epidemic when the condition persists in some newly affected areas through outbreaks (Bai, 2020).
Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during illness and can be transmitted from person to person. As of March 2020, the world is currently trading with a massive epidemic of COVID-19. The World Health Organization on March 11, 2019, has suggested that there is an epidemic difference in the disease. To prevent the spread of the epidemic, several governments have restricted free movement and the population under lockdown (Poon, 2020).
From 1918 to 1920, the Spanish flu epidemic killed 100 million people. Professionals have considered it to be the most contagious disease in ancient times. In the 14th century, Black Death was incurable an excessive 75 million humans.
Some of the epidemics that have been found throughout history include (Ryan, 2008):
- 541–542: Plague of Justinian
- 1346–1350: The Black Death
- 1899–1923: Sixth cholera pandemic
- 1918–1920: Spanish flu (H1N1)
- 1957–1958: Asian influenza (H2N2)
- 1968–1969: Hong Kong flu
- 2009–2010: Swine flu (H1N1)
- 2020: COVID-19
Ø Animals have micro-organism that hardly ever reaches to humans. Occasionally, these viruses can modify and spread from person to person.
Ø As animal viruses initially go to humans, wellbeing officials suggested on them as a possible epidemic. This increase specifies that a virus is changing and can be extraordinarily transmittable and injurious.
Ø Diseases such as swine influenza and avian influenza are viral illnesses that were not transmitted by humans but were common in pigs and birds. Once the antigenic shift occurs, it changes.
Ø In current years, there has also been anxiety regarding the disease that health professionals have associated with camels (Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome, or MERS-CoV) and monkeys (Ebola) (Weber, 2019).
By diagnosing diseases over time and geography, epidemiologists learn to estimate how many cases of illness should occur in a given period, space, and population. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during this time, with a significant increase in the number of cases. The formal announcement of CoVID-19, or another outbreak, as an epidemic, calls on governments, agencies, and support organizations around the world to move to stop efforts (Ashokka, 2020). Globally, it has financial, political, and social implications, and the WHO is cautious in making this decision. This official announcement does not need to arouse Fear or cause you to stock up on surgical masks. This does not mean that the virus has become more contagious or more deadly, nor does it mean that you are at a higher risk of contracting the disease. And that doesn’t mean that efforts to fight COVID-19 are being abandoned. But this is a momentous event.
1a-Create a thesis statement or hypothesis based on your major (or field of interest):
The epidemic of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has formed a worldwide health emergency that has had a profound effect on our perception of the world and our daily lives.
What is a question/concept/idea you want to pursue that is related to your major or field of interest?
- Keep away from visitors when they contain symptoms.
- Family members should live in a separate room or, if this is not potential, keep a distance of at least 1 meter.
- Hands should be cleaned before preparing food, previous to eating, once using the toilet and at any time, hands look unclean.
1b-What is a general idea or concept that people who have a different major from you can research in their major as well – mainly, what is one thought in your thesis/hypothesis that could be analyzed in three different disciplines/majors from yours?
The 2019–20 Coronavirus epidemic is a highly contagious disease caused by acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
2-Use the text you used for the exploratory writing.
- a) How does that text “speak to” your thesis/hypothesis?
About pandemic diseases.
- b) What information from the text can you use to support your thesis/hypothesis?
To compare and current and past pandemic diseases.
- c) Why and how can it be used to support your thesis/hypothesis?
Infectious diseases spread rapidly in people; therefore, great care must be taken to deal with these types of conditions.
Epidemiologists are primarily concerned with disease prevention, which may differ substantially from the broader discussion of governments or global health organizations. The World Health Organization has confirmed only two epidemics in the past. In 1918 for influenza H1N1 and 2009. From an epidemiological point of view, the WHO announcement is delayed. As of March 11, the official count counts more than 120,000 cases in at least 114 countries. There are more than a thousand cases in each of the eight countries, including the United States, and the spread of the society has been acknowledged in numerous US states (Ye, 2020).
The epidemic is the maximum level of international health emergency and is a symbol of the widespread outbreak affecting many regions of the globe. However, the WHO’s statement hopes that immediate action can be taken to control the epidemic and reduce the damage.
Ashoka, B., Loh, M. H., Tan, C. H., SU, L. L., Young, B. E., Lye, D. C., … & Choolani, M. (2020). Care of the Pregnant Woman with COVID-19 in Labor and Delivery: Anesthesia, Emergency cesarean delivery, Differential diagnosis in the acutely ill parturient, Care of the newborn, and Protection of the healthcare personnel. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Bai, Z., Gong, Y., Tian, X., Cao, Y., Liu, W., & Li, J. (2020). The Rapid Assessment and Early Warning Models for COVID-19. Virologica Sinica, 1.
Ingram, A. (2016). Pandemic anxiety and global health security. In Fear: critical geopolitics and everyday life (pp. 93-104). Routledge.
Poon, L. C., Yang, H., Lee, J. C., Copel, J. A., Leung, T. Y., Zhang, Y., … & Prefumo, F. (2020). ISUOG Interim Guidance on 2019 novel coronavirus infection during pregnancy and puerperium: information for healthcare professionals. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Ryan, J. R. (2008). Past pandemics and their outcome. Pandemic Influenza: Emergency Planning and Community Preparedness; 3.
Weber, D. J., Sickbert-Bennett, E. E., Kanamori, H., & Rutala, W. A. (2019). New and emerging infectious diseases (Ebola, Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Candida Auris): Focus on environmental survival and germicide susceptibility. American journal of infection control, 47, A29-A38.
Ye, Q., Qijiao, S., Xiaofan, Z., Shiyong, Q., & Lindsay, T. (2020). China’s New Urbanisation Opportunity: A Vision for the 14th Five-Year Plan.